Online ISSN: 1884-4111 Print ISSN: 0033-8303
Radioisotopes 66(1): 43-54 (2017)

総説Review Article

ヒッグス粒子発見とその後の展開Discovery of the Higgs Boson and Perspects

東京大学大学院理学系研究科物理学専攻Department of Physics, School of Science, The University of Tokyo ◇ 113–0033 東京都文京区本郷7–3–1 ◇ 7–3–1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113–0033, Japan

発行日:2017年1月15日Published: January 15, 2017

LHC(Large Hadron Collider)で2012年ヒッグス粒子が発見された。ヒッグス粒子の発見は,「標準理論」最後の未発見粒子が発見されたというだけの話ではない。真空の概念を変えるこの発見は,時空や真空への物理へとパラダイムシフトへの幕開けである。この新しいパラダイムでは,宇宙の暗黒物質や暗黒エネルギーの理解や,宇宙誕生の謎に迫ることが期待されている。本解説では,ヒッグス粒子の基礎と,実験でどのように発見したかを解説する。

The Higgs Boson was discovered at LHC (Large Hadron Collider) in 2012 and Theorists proposed BEH mechanize won the Novel Prize of Physics in 2013. Why the Higgs boson is so important? The Higgs boson is not ordinary elementary particles such as electron or photon, (composite matter or mediate force). The Higgs boson is a clear evidence that our vacuum is fulfilled with a strange filed with weak charge. This filed works as “the origin of mass” and “origin of evolution of our Universe”. Spontaneous change of the field makes phase transition of our Universe, In this article, I introduce “how to produce and detect the Higgs boson?” and also give the short introduction of Supersymmetry, which is the next main target of LHC.

Key words: LHC; Higgs Boson; particle physics

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